Ensure a seamless and efficient rest stop experience for Daniel, prioritizing health, comfort, and adherence to race regulations.

1. Official Check-In:

  • Mandatory Procedure: Upon arriving at a time station, the first priority is to check in with race officials. This ensures compliance with race rules and logs Daniel’s progress.
  • Documentation: Carry any required race documentation or credentials for easy and quick access at these checkpoints. It will expedite the process and ensure no essential details are missed.

(See race plan for specific requirements and instructions.)

2. Efficiency is Key:

  • Preparation: Before Daniel arrives, lay out all the essential items he might need, from nutrition and hydration to clothing changes and race-specific gear. For example:
    • Offer a selection of beverages (Coke, Dr. Pepper, etc.) and salty snacks (pretzels, chips, crackers, etc.)
    • In cold temperatures and at night, offer a blanket and have hot drinks (coffee, tea) and food (instant noodles) available.
    • Check the weather forecast for the local area and advise the cyclist accordingly. If weather conditions are likely to change, be ready to offer appropriate clothing.
  • Anticipation: Familiarize yourself with Daniel’s needs and preferences. Predict what he might require and have it on hand.

3. Time Management:

  • Swift Stops: Aim to keep the rest stop as concise as possible, without compromising on essential tasks. The goal will be to limit time stopped to 5 minutes or less, unless additional time is required (e.g., mechanical issue, excessive fatigue, etc.) To assist in keeping this goal, start a 5-minute countdown timer when Daniel arrives and periodically announce the time remaining (e.g., 2 minutes, 1 minute).
  • Productivity: Prioritize tasks. While speed is crucial, ensure all necessary tasks are completed. Addressing Daniel’s needs fully during the stop can save time in the long run.

4. Temperature Mangement:

  • Ice Vest: In high temperatures, have an ice vest at the ready. Upon Daniel’s arrival, assist him with wearing it to quickly decrease core body temperature.
  • Cold Drinks: In high temperatures, offer a chilled drink immediately. A cold beverage assists in maintaining hydration levels and cooling down the body.
  • Nighttime Conditions: Be prepared for cooler temperatures. Have warm clothing and blankets on standby and offer hot drinks to keep the cyclist warm.

5. Physical & Mental Health Assessment:

  • Discomfort Checks: Immediately inquire about any discomforts or issues Daniel might be experiencing.
  • Mental Alertness: Recognize that fatigue can set in more significantly during the nighttime hours. Ensure Daniel is mentally alert before continuing. Engage Daniel in a brief conversation to gauge their cognitive clarity. Consider a short, timed power nap if the athlete shows signs of extreme fatigue.
  • Immediate Action: Address any concerns as soon as they’re identified, from equipment adjustments to physical discomfort.

See also:

6. Special Considerations for Nighttime Rest Stops:

  • Check Lighting Equipment: Make sure that all lights on Daniel’s bike are operable and have sufficient charge. Replace as necessary. Lights removed from Daniel’s bike should be charged in the support vehicle so that they will be available when needed.
  • Ensure the rest stop area is well-lit. Use headlamps, lanterns, or other portable lighting sources.
  • Maintain Visibility. The cyclist and crew should wear reflective clothing and gear to increase visibility to others, particularly near roads or traffic.
  • Beware of Hazards. Note any hazards on the path leading up to the rest stop and communicate these to Daniel as he approaches.
  • Maintain a quiet environment. Keep in mind that sound travels farther at night; minimize noise and disruptions.

7. Miscellaneous:

  • Clear Communication: Keep Daniel informed about the next rest stop’s distance, any race-related updates, and weather conditions.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Offer words of encouragement. An uplifted spirit can have a significant impact on Daniel’s performance and resilience.

Final Reminders:

  • Teamwork remains essential. While each crew member may have designated tasks, be prepared to assist one another. The ultimate goal is to provide comprehensive support for Daniel.
  • Never compromise on safety. If there are concerns about Daniel’s health or safety, prioritize well-being over race progress.

Adherence to these guidelines ensures Daniel remains in top form and the team stays compliant with race regulations, promoting a successful race experience.

Dehydration can significantly impact a cyclist’s performance and wellbeing, so it’s important to recognize the signs and take action quickly.

Signs of Dehydration:

  1. Thirst: While this might seem obvious, it’s an important early sign of dehydration. It’s best to drink before you feel thirsty.
  2. Dry or Sticky Mouth: This can be another early sign that your body needs more fluid.
  3. Decreased Urine Output: If a cyclist hasn’t needed a bathroom break in a while, it could be a sign they aren’t drinking enough. Dark yellow or amber-colored urine can also indicate dehydration.
  4. Fatigue or Dizziness: These can be signs of moderate to severe dehydration.
  5. Confusion or Irritability: Mental changes are a serious sign of dehydration and require immediate attention.
  6. Rapid Heartbeat and Breathing: These can be signs of severe dehydration and need urgent attention.

Instructions for the Support Crew:

  1. Monitor: Look for signs of dehydration in the cyclist. These can include changes in behavior or mood, the color of their urine if observable, or a decrease in performance.
  2. Remind: Regularly remind the cyclist to drink, even if they don’t feel thirsty.
  3. Supply: Ensure the cyclist has enough fluids at each handoff. This can include water and sports drinks with electrolytes.
  4. Respond: If you notice signs of dehydration, encourage the cyclist to take a break and rehydrate. If the signs are severe (confusion, rapid heartbeat), seek medical attention immediately.

Remember, prevention is always better than cure. Keeping the cyclist well-hydrated is a critical part of any race strategy.

As a crew member in an ultra-endurance cycling race, you’re not just there to supply food and water. You’re also a vital observer of Daniel’s condition. Fatigue can set in at any time, and it’s crucial to know the signs so that you can take steps to remedy the situation.

Signs of Fatigue

  1. Physical Signs: These can include a noticeable decrease in speed, poor posture on the bike, wobbling or inability to maintain a straight line, struggling with routine tasks such as eating or drinking, or frequent stretching or readjusting position.
  2. Mental Signs: Look for signs of confusion, difficulty making decisions or communicating, or changes in mood or behavior.
  3. Communication: Listen for repeated complaints of tiredness, frustration, or if Daniel mentions he is finding it hard to concentrate or keep his eyes open.

Steps to Remedy Fatigue

If you notice these signs of fatigue, here’s what you should do:

  1. Speak Up: Communicate your observations to Daniel. He might not realize he is showing signs of fatigue.
  2. Re-Evaluate Nutrition and Hydration: Make sure Daniel is eating and drinking enough. Low energy levels can often be a result of inadequate nutrition or hydration.
  3. Encourage Rest: If safe and allowed by race rules, encourage a short rest or power nap. Even a few minutes off the bike can rejuvenate or restore energy levels.
  4. Motivation: Provide encouragement. Mental fatigue can sometimes be overcome by positive reinforcement and morale-boosting.
  5. Assess Overall Condition: If Daniel continues to show signs of severe fatigue, consider his overall condition. It might be necessary to consider longer rest, medical attention, or in extreme cases, withdrawing from the race.

Remember, Daniel’s health and safety is the priority. Don’t push him to continue if it’s clear he is at his limit. Being part of the support crew means being the voice of reason and making tough calls when necessary.


Welcome to the team! Whether this is your first experience with ultra-endurance racing or you’re a seasoned veteran, this manual is designed to provide a comprehensive overview and clear guidelines to ensure the success and safety of our rider(s) during the race. Your role as a support crew member is pivotal – you are the backbone of this endeavor, providing vital assistance every pedal stroke of the way.

Ultra-endurance cycling is more than just a test of a cyclist’s physical stamina. It challenges the mind, the equipment, and the logistical orchestration that keeps the wheels turning mile after mile. The cyclist is the visible tip of this effort, but behind them, there’s a team ensuring they’re hydrated, nourished, motivated, and riding a machine that’s in top shape. That’s where you come in.

This manual will guide you through everything, from the pre-race preparations to the post-race wrap-up. It will cover communication protocols, nutrition and hydration strategies, equipment checklists, emergency procedures, and more. It’s been crafted not only from expert advice but also from the hard-earned lessons of past races.

Remember, in an ultra-endurance race, it’s not just the cyclist against the clock, it’s the entire team. Each of us plays a part in the journey, and every role, no matter how big or small, can make the difference between reaching or falling short of our goals.

Let’s embark on this journey together, supporting each other, and pushing the boundaries of what’s possible on two wheels. Every drop of sweat, every late-night prep, and every challenge overcome will pave the way to the finish line.

Thank you for being a part of this incredible adventure. Let’s make it a race to remember!

Crew Manual

Each crew member should be familiar with the information contained in the pages linked below. These pages will also be printed and available in the support vehicle for reference during the race as needed.

NOTE: These pages may be updated prior to the next race or event. Conduct yourselves accordingly.

This brief guide outlines key considerations for the Support Crew in tracking Daniel’s nutrition and hydration during the race. The Support Crew is responsible for understanding Daniel’s Nutrition Plan and helping to manage his consumption to keep him on track.

Materials Needed:

  • Logbook or digital tracking tool
  • Writing utensils or digital input device
  • Daniel’s pre-determined nutrition and hydration plan


  1. Understand the Nutrition and Hydration Plan: Prior to the race, familiarize yourself with Daniel’s nutrition and hydration plan. This plan should include what Daniel plans to eat and drink, and at what intervals.
  2. Set Up a Logbook or Digital Tracker: Systematically record every time Daniel eats or drinks. This could be done using a simple notebook, a spreadsheet, or a specialized app. Include columns or fields for the time, the type of food or drink consumed, and the quantity. The details of how the logbook or digital tracker should be used must be ironed out before the race. (Current Template: Web | Microsoft Word | Microsoft Excel.) Note that because Daniel will likely have some nutrition and hydration “onboard” at the start of the race, you should coordinate with him prior to the start so that these “onboard” items can be logged.
  3. Record Every Exchange: Each time you hand off food or water to Daniel, make a note in your logbook or digital tracker. Record what was given, the quantity, and the time.
  4. Track Consumables: Pay attention to what Daniel returns to you. If he gives back a partially full water bottle, estimate and record how much he drank. Do the same for partially eaten food items.
  5. Check In Regularly: Whenever possible, but at least at the top of every hour, ask Daniel directly about his food and water consumption. This will be particularly important if Daniel is also carrying his own food and water supplies.
  6. Review and Adjust: Regularly review the log and compare it to Daniel’s nutrition and hydration plan. If Daniel is falling behind in their consumption, find a way to remind or encourage him to eat and drink more. If he is exceeding the plan, check that he is not risking stomach issues from overconsumption.
  7. Monitor Daniel’s Condition: Be aware of signs of dehydration (like confusion, fatigue, or dark urine) and signs of insufficient nutrition (like weakness, hunger, or declining performance). If you notice these signs, encourage Daniel to eat and drink more and consider consulting with a race medic if conditions don’t improve.
  8. Communicate and Document Changes: If you and Daniel agree to any changes to the nutrition and hydration plan, document those changes and follow them accordingly.

Remember, the goal is to support Daniel in maintaining his energy and hydration levels throughout the race. The tracking is a tool to help achieve this goal, but it should be flexible and adaptable to Daniel’s needs and the conditions of the race.

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